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.NET Serviced Components
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Developing Serviced Components

A .NET component that takes advantage of COM+ services needs to derive from the .NET base class ServicedComponent. ServicedComponent is defined in the System.EnterpriseServices namespace. Example 10-1 demonstrates how to write a .NET serviced component that implements the IMessage interface and displays a message box with "Hello" in it when the interface's ShowMessage( ) method is called.

Example 10-1: A simple .NET serviced component

namespace MyNamespace

   using System.EnterpriseServices;   
   using System.Windows.Forms;//for the MessageBox class 

   public interface IMessage
      void ShowMessage(  );   
   /// <summary>
   ///    Plain vanilla .NET serviced component
   /// </summary>
   public class MyComponent:ServicedComponent,IMessage
      public MyComponent(  ) {}//constructor
      public void ShowMessage(  )

WARNING:   A serviced component is not allowed to have parameterized constructors. If you require such parameters, you can either design around them by introducing a Create( ) method that accepts parameters, or use a constructor string.

There are two ways to configure a serviced component to use COM+ services. The first is COM-like: you derive from ServicedComponent, add the component to a COM+ application, and configure it there. The second way is to apply special attributes to the component, configuring it at the source-code level. When the component is added to a COM+ application, it is configured according to the values of those attributes. Attributes are discussed in greater detail throughout this chapter as you learn about configuring .NET components to take advantage of the various COM+ services.

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.NET allows you to apply attributes to your serviced components with great flexibility. If you do not apply your own attributes, a serviced component is configured using default COM+ settings when it is added to a COM+ application. You can apply as many attributes as you like. A few COM+ services can only be configured via the Component Services Explorer. These services are mostly deployment-specific configurations, such as persistent subscriptions to COM+ Events and allocation of users to roles. In general, almost everything you can do with the Component Services Explorer can be done with attributes. I recommend that you put as many design-level attributes as possible (such as transaction support or synchronization) in the code and use the Component Services Explorer to configure deployment-specific details.

.NET Assemblies and COM+ Applications

When you wish to take advantage of COM+ component services, you must map the assembly containing your serviced components to a COM+ application. That COM+ application then contains your serviced components, just like any other component--COM+ does not care whether the component it provides services to is a managed .NET serviced component or a classic COM, unmanaged, configured component. A COM+ application can contain components from multiple assemblies, and an assembly can contribute components to more than one application, as shown in Figure 10-1. Compare Figure 10-1 to Figure 1-8. There is an additional level of indirection in .NET because an assembly can contain multiple modules.

Figure 10-1. COM+ applications and assemblies


However, setting up an assembly to contribute components to more than one COM+ application is not straightforward and is susceptible to future registrations of the assembly. As a rule, avoid mapping an assembly to more than one COM+ application.

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